Start around the house by taking note of the following tips…
-Make sure you get his attention with treats, when there are kids or exciting situations (for him) taking place within the house during this time, it will provide you with good opportunities to reinforce him into a calm state where he doesn’t get overly excited, prance around or whine.
Get his attention inside the house and reward him with a treat once he sits or lies down on his own. I would repeat this one or two times per day or every chance you get, to see him whine when distracting and or exciting things are happening inside.
-You can then raise the training level by making him not just sit, but also stay and lay down, and make sure that he calms down a bit before you reward him for his calm state. You need to be able to walk around a bit and make sure he “stays” there, reward his staying behavior as well with a treat and affection. Repeat this for a few days in the same manner as with the first step above.
-Last but not least, if the dog’s bed or kennel is around the area you may also make him calm down first while in the exciting environment where kids are running around and playing, once he’s calm and he gets a treat you can extend the training a bit to better reinforce the behavior you want from him.
Reward him if he goes to the kennel or simply lays down in one of his spots and calms down on his own, it’s further rewarding his calm behavior, not just on the spot, but also by his own choice of calming down and going to his favorite spot to lay down or just remaining calm most of the time, because that is the end result to strive for…
In time he will simply start to ignore those inside or looking out of the window outside, distractions and become more independent by not getting anxious and stressed when left alone anywhere within the house and not right under your feet at all times..
With any kind of training when it comes to dogs it just requires patience, practice, and consistency… do this for a few days, maybe dedicate 10 minutes to each session where he starts to whine, don’t get frustrated if the behavior doesn’t go away immediately.
It might take a couple of sessions, as long as you get him to calm down once or twice per session the number of times you need to calm him down will reduce over time and you can gauge whether or not your training is being effective by how much if any, this behavior has been reduced.
Outside the house but still in your property…
-If your dog whines when you leave him alone outside, it may include other behaviors such as; scratching the door, crying, barking or what not, in hopes that you have a front door and back door in your house you can get someone to tell him to “stop” or “be quiet” while you circle around to correct him so the door never opens until he’s calm.
-By the time you get there and start to correct the behavior (in your own way of handling that) you can reward with a treat and a click and simply go in through the door without letting him in. Repeat this process with the same recommendations as the approach described above (10 mins or so a day for a couple of days).
Eventually he will stop his whining around the house when left outside or when he’s inside the property and there’s commotion outside.
You will notice that by the time you take your training to a public area such as being left outside of a store, you will have a much calmer dog that you probably won’t need to train to curb this unwanted behavior. You will notice that he will most likely be calm because of the behaviors he learned while being in the house.
…And Yes, there’s a lot of new distractions to deal with when he’s outside and it might be an issue or it might not, depends on your dog’s temperament, anxiety and energy level or any pent up energy, just remember that the more you can correct things at home in a more controlled environment the easier it will be to assert your role as the leader of the pack and that he will listen to you in public areas.
For public areas…
-You can start to determine if the bad behavior is cause by “you” the master leaving his sight by having someone stay outside with him for a bit to see how he reacts to you leaving.
-You can also see if there’s anything specific that makes him whine when out and about outside and when left alone.
These two things (and more) can be determined much faster once your dog does the home training first, and once you determine what the cause of him whining might be (if any still) when he’s left outside in a public area, simply start to train again in the house by paying close attention to what triggers his behavior and coming up with an effective way of correcting it.
If the dog whines when you leave and not when everyone leaves, you can train him by making him “stay” while you take a few steps back, and continue going back until he gets up to follow.
Once he does that you tell him to go back where you told him to stay and continue making more distance and coming back to rewarding him based on the milestones he’s covering with more and more distance, you can do this in the same room, from room to room, from floor to floor, etc…
He should be there staying and waiting for you until you come back, correct him right away if he gets up and runs towards you, he needs to wait there until you call him or release him from his stay command.
One more Method…
You can use an anti-bark collar, just go to chewy.com where you can order one online and conveniently have it delivered to your door. These seem to work great and relatively fast when it comes to eliminating whining and barking too much.
(You can visit part 1 of this subject by Clicking Here.)