A puppy is like a toddler who doesn’t know right and wrong, and needs to be taught. Their behavior won’t change, nor is it learned overnight. Practice, patience and consistency are imperative.
proper socialization for a puppy is important, but you also want him or her to be independent enough to not be overly affectionate, anxious when left alone, not being held or right up under you at all times. Avoid too much affection or giving affection during unwanted behaviors and at the wrong time.
Have a calm and assertive energy when training and at all times when you are around or with your dog or any dog for that matter.
Dogs do what we expect of them and reinforce, intentional or not. Be sure to use positive reinforcement and give affection for/ praise them only for behaviors that you want to see repeated.
Body language, eye contact, barking, whining, licking you, and stress signals are the only the only ways your dog has to communicate with you. Always pay attention to their body language and all the other cues you notice and learn whilst forming your bond when it comes to knowing what your dog it is telling you.
Puppies should be introduced to all kinds of people. Dark skinned, fair skinned, short, tall, small and large people (including people wearing a hat, those who have a beard/mustache, and those who wear glasses) and always have treats in your pocket for rewarding your dog when being friendly with others.
Be sure that your dog has appropriate outlets for releasing excess energy (very important for big dogs). Pent up energy can result in unwanted and even destructive behaviors.
A tired/well exercised dog will more than likely be well behaved.
Enjoy the process. You will make the most progress when you take it step by step.
Managing undesirable behaviors by controlling your dogs environment is an excellent way to prevent unwanted behaviors from being learned and or practiced.
Whenever your dog comes when they are called, be ecstatic to see them! Even if they were doing something they were not supposed to be doing prior to running back to you.
Dogs want nothing more than to please their owners, show them the ways you want them to do so and remember repetition and consistency is the key.
Figure out what your dog thinks is valuable. Keep in mind that this is different for every dog. It could be a special toy, activity or favorite type of treat/food.
Your dog is the one who feels that something is valuable to him or her, not you, not anyone else.
Catch your dog doing what you want/ being good. When your dog is doing something you like be sure to reward them for it.
Teach your dog how you want them to behave. You can tell your dog a million things not to do, but you will save energy and time by teaching them one thing to do.
Distract them with something you want them to do, rather than just telling them no.
Try and keep training sessions short and sweet. 3-5 Minutes at a time, 2-3 times per day.
Never give attention to or reward them for things that will be a big problem when they are older and bigger. For example: Jumping up on people may look innocent enough, to some even cute and tolerable when they are still small and tiny, but if they are going to get bigger, it won’t be cute nor tolerable to most people.